Cultivation of Children's Behavior Habits
Toddlers are in the initial stage of life. Everything needs to be learned. They have strong plasticity and poor self-control. It is a critical period for the development of good behaviors and a dangerous period for bad behaviors. If they are not suitable to cultivate good behaviors, Then you will miss good opportunities and develop bad behavior habits. The accumulated habits are hard to change, and habits become natural, which will bring irreparable shortcomings to future development. For example, the famous educator Mr. Ye Shengtao said: "What is education? In short, it is to develop good habits." What good habits should be cultivated for young children? Mr. Ye Shengtao pointed out: "The education of our socialist society is to cultivate all the good habits of students living in a socialist society. In terms of moral education, we must develop good habits in dealing with people and work; in terms of intellectual education, we must cultivate good habits. Good habits of knowledge and familiar skills.” Specifically, there are moral behavior habits, labor habits, living habits, hygiene habits, study habits, social habits, etc. In view of the developmental characteristics of young children, they never leave food, put on and take off their clothes, do not spit, do not urinate and urinate anywhere, put things back to their original place, go to bed on time, get up on time, etc. Having good living habits will lay the foundation for the formation of good moral habits, labor habits, and hygiene habits.
1. Make clear and strict requirements to young children in a good way.
When making every request, careful consideration was taken in advance to ensure that the requirements are reasonable. According to the children's ability, the requirements raised are gradually improved and progress is made step by step. At the beginning, I only wanted children to master the simple rules of life. For example, in class, you should sit quietly and not hinder others. Then, put forward requirements about social behavior, such as being polite to others, saying hello to teachers and aunts, accepting gifts from others, or thanking others for help.
From the perspective of children's abilities, it is to fulfill some extremely simple requirements, but also to make great efforts. If the teacher's request for them is unreasonable and they cannot accept it, then such a request will fail. When children fail to meet some of the teacher's requirements, they will often lose confidence in their own abilities, and have doubts about the teacher's words and distrust the teacher.
When I make a request to young children, I pay attention to making the content specific, clear, popular and concise; it is suitable for young children’s age characteristics. For example, ask children to be polite to others. I tell the children this way: when you enter the kindergarten in the morning, you should say hello to teachers and children; when you go home, you should say "goodbye"; when you talk to others, you should pay attention and don’t interrupt when others are talking; ask children to speak Hygiene, let me just say that we should be a hygienic child who does not spit anywhere; does not urinate or urinate anywhere; ask children to fold their clothes and pants during a nap and put them in a fixed place........ The requirements are specific and clear. Toddlers can follow suit. 4 children in 4 families.
Second, continue to encourage children to slowly develop good behavior habits in practice.
Young children’s willpower cannot be sustained, and it is difficult to concentrate for a long time. According to this characteristic of young children, I adopt continuous encouragement methods to correct the bad behaviors of young children. For example, when everyone is taking a nap, there are often some children who wake up to urinate and walk heavy, so they give him a hint to remind him to correct; when the child walks carefully, he smiles and nods to show that he did the right thing. Another example is a new kid in our class named Wei Xiaolei, who is very courageous. He is not used to group life, does not believe in his own power, and often dare not do even the simplest things. For him, we need to let him develop a habit of socializing. I use various methods to encourage him. Let him do some simple things first. As in the art class, let him distribute the art paper; at lunch, let him divide the chopsticks. After one or two exercises. His courage slowly grew. Then, I also trained him in the habit of speaking in front of the public. When I was learning a nursery rhyme "Teacher's Hand", I asked the children in the class: "What can the teacher's hand do?" This is a very simple question. After asking the question, I consciously said: "The teacher is going to ask a brave person Let’s answer this question. Let’s see who is braver than in the past?” The children mentioned Wei Xiaolei by appointment, and he boldly stood up and answered this question. When children are encouraged, they will consciously stop those bad behaviors in order to get pleasure from their own behaviors.
Three, pay attention to correct any small behavior mistakes in children
Young children often develop bad behavior habits slowly from small mistakes. These things often happen in daily life: some children lose their temper easily, lie on the ground desperately stepping on the floor with two little feet, crying and screaming; when some children like to play with certain toys, they are asked to give them unconditionally... We can't take a tolerant attitude toward these behaviors and let it go on. When they first started small classes, children had poor habits. They were not attentive, looked around, and ate slowly. With the increase of children’s age, the need for communication between children also increased, and the phenomenon of talking during meals also increased. The teacher’s reminder is not a good way to solve the problem. Only by mobilizing children’s internal factors and stimulating their self-motivated can children turn passive into active and consciously abide by discipline. So the "best table" is created in our class, how can we become " What about the "best table"? After discussion, we listed the criteria, that is, eat seriously, not talk, eat faster, and not picky eaters. After the evaluation, we will get a small red flower. The teacher also puts forward requirements for the children in the class. Those who have improved a lot can also be awarded the title of "Best Table". If there are more people who have improved, we can also set up two "Best Tables". Now teachers are not reminded everywhere like before that bad habits such as eating and talking, being inattentive, looking around, eating slowly, etc. have been reduced a lot, and eating is no longer a problem for children.
4. Cultivate children's good behaviors through games and activities
Play is the leading activity of young children. In the play, young children are in a happy mood, active in thinking, and strong in acceptance. Through the activity process of games, children can learn to deal with the relationship between people correctly, and it is easier to form some good qualities. At the same time, some bad behaviors and habits are also easy to show, which is helpful for teachers to find out and correct them in time. For example, once, I organized children to play a game of "Gourmet Shop". At the beginning of the game, Li Lin and Zhang Bo suddenly quarreled. I walked over and asked. It turned out that it was because they were fighting for a new gas stove and were reluctant to buy an old gas stove. What should I do? There is only one new gas stove. I thought for a while, then picked up the old gas stove and put it on my ear. After a while, I said to the two children: "The old gas stove just said to me, It can also be used. Children don't like it. It's so sad. It wants to find a good friend. Who wants to help it?" When I said this, Li Lin went to get the old gas stove. The two children smiled and said: "Teacher, we won't fight anymore." I affirmed their behavior and educate the children to be civilized, to be polite, to be courteous, and to be a good child .
5. The teacher leads by example and sets an example for children
Children have strong plasticity and ability to imitate. The most direct object they imitate is the teacher. They talk and behave to the teacher, observe the most carefully, feel the strongest, and indiscriminately imitate the teacher's words and deeds. For children, the teacher's words can be said to be the "highest instruction", and children can often be heard defending their words and deeds: "That's what the teacher says..." This puts higher demands on the teacher's words and deeds. Therefore, we pay attention to starting from ourselves and being strict with ourselves; what we ask children to do, we must do it first; we must not violate what we do not allow children to do. Once we do, we must admit the mistakes in front of the children. I remember one time when I accidentally walked into the classroom after class, I saw two children sitting at the table talking. I criticized them on the spot, and then one of the children quietly said: "The teacher sometimes sits at the table and talks." His words surprised me. When I think about it carefully, I did have such a phenomenon. I said to this little friend: "Really? Why didn't you point out this bad problem to me earlier? From now on, we will monitor each other and prevent the bad problem from recurring?" If the body is upright, do not order; if the body is not upright, even if the order is not followed." Therefore, teachers should standardize their words and deeds and set an example for children.
6. Cooperate with family members to jointly promote the formation of good habits for children.
In recent years, the early education of children has been paid more and more attention by families. This trend is very gratifying. However, there are many eager parents who hope that their children will become dragons and their daughters will become phoenixes. Cultivation of early behavior habits. This requires families and kindergartens to put cultivating children’s good behaviors in the first place. Therefore, for some parents who only focus on learning knowledge, I gave them a multiple-choice question: A. Teach your child to write 10 words a day. B. Help the child to get rid of a bad problem in 10 days, so that the child can develop good behavior habits from an early age. Most parents will choose the latter with a smile.
In short, cultivating children’s good behavior and habits is a long way to go. It must be implemented in all aspects of children’s daily life. Adults have strict requirements, repeated grasping, grasping repetition, so that children can develop good habits.