Is the child's imagination born?
Studies have shown that children with rich imagination have higher IQs.
Many people think that children’s imagination is innate, but it is not. Imagination is an ability that can be cultivated.
The child’s imagination development is divided into three stages:
2 and a half to 3 years old: the first stage of imagination development
Children at this stage can clearly distinguish between cognitive imagination and emotional imagination.
When they play with toys, they will use cognitive imagination to repeat some known behaviors, such as letting a puppy sleep.
When they express their feelings, they use their emotional imagination. For example, when expressing fear, you will associate fear with certain situations.
4 to 5 years old: the second stage of imagination development
Children of this age begin to use phased plans to express themselves. For example, if four or five-year-old children draw pictures, they will say: "I want to draw a pony first, then draw a house, and draw a kid next to the house."
This ability to implement plans lays the foundation for more creative work, such as composing fairy tales.
6-7 years old: the third stage of imagination development
Children at this stage will better use their emotional imagination to deal with conflicts in reality. For example, when conflicts with friends, 6-year-old children may fabricate a story of a good friend quarrel to release their dissatisfaction and sadness.
At this stage, children's cognitive imagination has also developed qualitatively: 6-year-old children will make their own plans and complete them step by step, and adjust the plan if necessary.
How to develop children's imagination
How should we cultivate children's imagination?
1. Protect children's curiosity
Don't underestimate every "why" the child asks, let alone deny it. Curiosity is the starting point of imagination. As long as there is good guidance, curiosity can become the driving force for children to learn and grow.
In addition, it is also necessary to avoid using adult "standards" to restrict children too much. Children's imagination is beyond the reach of adults. If they can't understand, then quiet appreciation is the best way.
2. Help children accumulate cognition and reserve knowledge
Imagination does not come out of thin air, but is based on past cognition. Some people think that storing knowledge will limit children's imagination. In fact, it is mainly because the stored knowledge is not enough, or the way of storing knowledge is too rigid, which restricts children's initiative.
Therefore, let children listen more, watch more, perceive more, read more, experience more, these are all effective ways to accumulate cognition and reserve knowledge.
3. Use games to stimulate children's imagination
Every child likes games, and using games to stimulate children's imagination can achieve a multiplier effect with half the effort.
In the process of playing games, parents can give a little guidance, be careful not to interfere too much, and let the children take the lead. It is best to let children make toys by themselves, design their own games, make their own game rules and so on.