What diseases can children prevent from moisture?
In humid weather, babies are prone to illness. The editor compiled five diseases that babies are susceptible to and how to deal with them.
One, skin disease and eczema entangle the baby
The humid air is suitable for the growth and reproduction of bacteria, the skin is itchy, the skin ulcers... There are many small red bumps on the face, and the virus has quietly crawled onto the child's body. The main cause of infant eczema is the seasonal climate change, which is difficult for babies to adapt to, and some breastfeeding mothers eat fish, shrimp, seafood and other spicy foods, which promotes the increase or aggravation of infant eczema.
Countermeasures: If the baby has eczema, the baby will cry, irritable, etc. Parents should be careful not to dress the child too much or cover it too much. If it is too hot or covered, the eczema will be aggravated; the part of the eczema should be kept dry and clean, and it should not be scalded with soap or hot water; a desensitization and antipruritic cream can be rubbed on the part, and topical glucocorticoid drugs should not be used. , So as not to aggravate the condition. Experts also reminded that breastfeeding mothers should eat as little as possible or not eat fish and shrimp and other irritating foods.
2. The child is prone to aphthous due to heavy moisture
The variability of temperature and humidity is a time when ulcers are frequent in children. According to experts, these children have swelling and ulcers on the upper palate and both sides of the mouth. This is related to the sudden drop in temperature and heavier humidity during this period. The baby’s oral cavity is infected with viruses and bacteria, which is called "aphthous sore" in Chinese medicine.
When oral ulcers first started, if the parents were not careful, it was not easy to find them. Later, the children often cried and did not want to eat, so they went to the hospital. At this time, the condition has progressed to a more serious condition. For example, yellow-white spots such as bean-like ulcers appear on the tongue, tip of tongue, gums or palate, salivation, even bleeding, and bad breath.
Countermeasures: Prevention is far more important than treatment. You should pay attention to oral hygiene at ordinary times, and insist on rinsing and brushing your teeth in the morning and evening and after meals; adjust your diet, let your children eat more vitamin-rich fruits and vegetables, and drink plenty of water.
3. The air is humid, and young children are most likely to get pneumonia
Humid air provides convenient breeding conditions for bacteria and viruses, causing a high incidence of respiratory infections. Especially infants and young children are not only susceptible to respiratory infections, but the incidence of pneumonia in children is also high. Experts remind that children under three years of age should be especially careful of children with pneumonia due to their immature immune function.
Countermeasures: To prevent pneumonia in children, we must start with exercise and diet. It is very important to strengthen the child's physique. When the weather is good or when it is warm at noon, take your child out for walks and sunbathe, and let him get in touch with the outside air. Don't be too greasy in your diet in spring, match your diet reasonably, drink plenty of water and soup, so that your child will have a good appetite. Kindergartens, school classrooms and other crowded indoor places are prone to air pollution, which is conducive to the growth of germs. Therefore, try to ensure ventilation for one to two hours a day at noon and sunny days when the relative humidity is low, and ensure that the indoor air is not too turbid.
Fourth, the peak period of pink eye disease
Acute conjunctivitis is a common infectious conjunctivitis. She is infected by viruses or bacteria through direct or indirect contact. Conjunctivitis is not easy to get better and changes with the temperature.
1. Viral infection: common cold, flu or other viral infections can cause acute conjunctivitis, with symptoms such as tearing, itchy eyes, red eyes, burning sensation, and even swelling of the eyelids, often called "pink eye disease." Suffering from "pink eye disease", artificial tears can be instilled, cold compresses can also be applied, or eye drops prescribed by a doctor can be instilled.
2. Bacterial infection: Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually monocular, with tears and thick secretions. If it is not treated in time, it can cause serious complications.
Countermeasures: Wash your hands frequently with warm water; Do not share eye drops or ointment with others; When your eyes are red and swollen, it is not advisable to wear contact lenses.
Five, allergies and environmental factors cause chronic conjunctivitis
Chronic conjunctivitis is a chronic inflammation of the eye. Allergies and environmental factors are the cause, and the course of the disease can reach several weeks or months.
1. Allergies: Flowers, pollen, dust, mold, and animals are common causes of eye allergies, which can cause discomfort such as red jelly, eye itching, and swelling, most of which are binocular attacks. The best way to treat allergic chronic conjunctivitis is to avoid sensitizing substances and the environment. Cold compress and eye drops can reduce swelling, reduce redness and relieve itching.
2. Environmental factors: Air pollution, smog, improper contact lenses, irritating gases, chemicals, etc. can cause inflammation of the conjunctiva, which can affect one or both eyes.
Countermeasures: See a doctor and use drugs to relieve symptoms; avoid allergens and stay away from environmental factors that cause the disease.