During the growth process of children, due to congenital or acquired factors, deformities of the teeth, jaws, and craniofacial (dental deformities and skeletal deformities are common. Dental deformities are divided into general dental deformities and functional deformities). Deformities. Different types of deformities, the most suitable time for correction is different.) Of course, some children have malocclusion due to genetic factors. Congenital factors are mainly due to insufficient nutrition during the growth and development of the fetus in the mother's womb, or the mother's rubella or virus infection, etc. The acquired factors are mainly affected by the growth and development after birth. Acquired corrections are mainly caused by crowded dentition, gaps between teeth, dental arches cannot match the size of the teeth, buck teeth, "covering the sky", tilted teeth, abnormal jaws, etc. Such children may talk and leak, Problems with eating, etc., will affect the appearance and function of the child, and orthodontics are required.
Orthodontics for children usually treat malocclusion by orthodontics or surgery when they are under 15 years of age.
The best age for orthodontics in children
Why do you need orthodontics? And why should it be done as soon as possible? First of all, if the teeth are not uniform, it will definitely affect the appearance of the child. Second, it is easy to brush the toothbrush and it is easy to grow decay and tartar, which affects the health of the teeth. In addition, poor bite of the teeth will affect eating, reduce the chewing function, and increase the burden on the stomach and intestines. Sometimes it also affects pronunciation. The most important thing is that if the teeth are not good-looking in childhood, the child is easily laughed at and leaves a shadow of childhood. In addition, with age, the time required for orthodontics will increase. Therefore, as moms and dads, you must pay attention to your children's teeth and take them to check up regularly.
According to different maxillofacial deformities, the best time for a child's orthodontics will be different. For general dental deformities, the best time is the early permanent dentition, that is, at the age of twelve or three. At this time, the child has just finished replacing his teeth, and the growth and development are relatively vigorous, and the correction effect will be better. For functional deformities, it is best to be in the dentition stage, that is, when they are 6 to 12 years old. If the correction is delayed, bone deformities may develop, so the best correction period should be in the dentition stage. As for the correction of skeletal deformities, children should be in the pre-peak period of growth and development. Girls are 10-12 years old and boys are 11-13 years old.
But there is one exception, that is, the front teeth are bitten, which is commonly known as "ground protection." This deformity has a greater impact, and it is best to correct it when it is discovered at the age of three.
What are the methods of orthodontics for children?
Before your child undergoes orthodontics, you should do some related examinations, including teeth marks (used by the doctor to compare the treatment process), photographs (photographs of the face and occlusion), and photographs of lateral skulls and full-mouth tomograms X-ray examinations, formulating treatment plans after calculations based on models, etc. Correction is used when the treatment is actually started.
There are also many kinds of orthodontics for children's orthodontics. The main correction methods are:
1. Movable appliance: It is generally used for the correction of relatively simple malformations and deformities of deciduous teeth and replacement teeth, or with fixed appliances for correction. This orthosis can be removed and worn by the therapist.
2. The fixed car appliance is the most commonly used appliance, and the patient cannot take it off and wear it by himself.
3. The functional appliance is mainly used for children who are in the period of replacing teeth or who are still in the peak period of growth and development after just changing their teeth. The functional appliance can correct skeletal malformations and deformities.
4. Severe dental and maxillofacial deformities, such as maxillary protrusion, maxillary recession, mandibular protrusion, mandibular recession, can not be resolved by simple correction, it must be corrected by combined surgery and orthodontics.