Five critical periods for baby's language ability development

Five critical periods for baby's language ability development

Sep 30, 2021XieYifang

There is a "critical development period" in the cultivation of any kind of ability of a baby. Pay attention to cultivating this ability during this period of time, which can have a multiplier effect, and language ability is no exception. There are 5 main "critical periods" in the development of a baby's language ability. They are:

0-6 months

Although he can't speak, the baby will absorb words from the outside world and form memories in the brain, and language will form a close connection with emotions. This requires parents to use all possible opportunities in daily life to communicate with their babies. Breastfeeding, changing diapers, walking, etc. are great opportunities for parents to establish emotional bonds with their babies through language, which can help babies learn grammatical rules and language habits, and establish an initial impression of language as a tool.


Around 1 year old

A 1-year-old child begins to express his thoughts and emotions in his own language. Parents should encourage them to express, give them the space to play freely, neither suppress their desire to express, nor force them to speak.

Parents should tell the baby: look at other people's faces and mouths when speaking, not only to respect the needs of others, but also to correct the baby's pronunciation. When the baby’s pronunciation or expression is incorrect, parents should demonstrate the correct statement and let him know what is incorrect and how to say the correct one. Repeated this way, he can make correct expressions.

2-3 years old

At this point the child can communicate with others. Note that parents should no longer use "children's language" such as "eating and cooking" to talk to their children, and should use adult language to communicate with them. , Let children learn the usage of language norms. In addition, to encourage children to talk to others more, you can let children perform some small plays (similar to "play house"), by playing different roles, enhance their cognition of language, and understand the language methods of different social roles.

At this stage, you need to pay attention to: Adults cannot speak too loudly, and do not use violent language, otherwise it will easily have an adverse effect on the baby.

Around 4 years old

The baby is willing to pay attention to the text. At this stage, parents can teach the baby to read. Reading is not a simple "literacy", but to use words to strengthen the baby's existing life experience, and to link words with spoken language. In daily life, parents can tell the baby a story, let the baby understand the content of the story by words instead of pictures, and if necessary, let the children make up their own stories.

5-6 years old

Giving children a good language and writing environment will help them develop their language and writing skills. Parents can accompany their children to read, not only to give them the content of the story, but also to give them pictures to let them use their imagination freely to explore the possible process and ending of the story. Watching TV shows is also an effective means of education at this time. Parents accompany their children to watch the program and actively guide the child to express his views on the content of the program. This is to cultivate children's ability to use language independently. You can also encourage children to write down their opinions improvisationally. If there are mistakes in the choice of words and sentences, parents should correct them in time to avoid repeated strengthening of the wrong words and grammar.

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